Multilateral and Bilateral Funding of Housing and Slum Upgrading Development in Developing Countries

Resource Library | Author Michael Shea | Date October 2008

This paper presents an overview of funding trends for slum upgrading and housing finance and construction by bilateral donor countries and multilateral organizations. It may serve as an outline for more detailed research on this topic and lead to further research. The paper reflects information based on a limited number of interviews and secondary research. The purpose of the paper is to show the decline in funding and technical support for slum upgrading and housing finance and construction from bilateral donors and the relatively steady state funding of these activities by the three major multilateral organizations— the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The paper also examines ways to generate more interest in slum upgrading and housing activities from the country level and suggests actions to assist donor countries in raising the priority of housing in their sector activities.